June - 2019
Petrochemicals: Changing Trends in Refineries
Refineries and petrochemical plants and refineries both process hydrocarbon derived materials. Refineries focus on fuels production and products including LPG (liquefied petroleum gas), naphtha, gasoline (petrol), kerosene, jet fuels, diesel, gas oils, fuel oils, and petroleum coke. The main refinery processes involved are distillation, cracking heavier distillate production into lighter products and changing molecule structures (reforming). It is the naphtha that refineries produce that primarily goes into petrochemicals but its main use currently is to produce gasoline.